CO2 levels in atmosphere reaching 400ppm for first time in 3 million years

The concentration of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere has reached 399.72 parts per million (ppm) and is likely to pass the symbolically important 400ppm level for the first time.

Readings at the US government's Earth Systems Research laboratory in Hawaii


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WORLD INCENTIVES & GOVERNMENT GRANTS

Countries are listed in alphabetical order.
For the short term, please scroll down to find your country of interest.
Country Name of Policy Type Target Sector Status
Year
 Argentina Biofuels Promotion Laws Financial
Incentives/Subsidies
Bioenergy Transport In force
2007
 Argentina Promotion of Renewable Sources of Energy for Electricity Production Incentives/Subsidies
Policy Processes
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources Electricity In force
2007
 Argentina National Strategic Plan for Wind Energy Incentives/Subsidies
Policy Processes
Public Investment
Wind Electricity In force
2005
 Argentina Biodiesel Competitiveness Plan Financial Bioenergy Transport In force
2001
 Argentina Law no. 25,019 on the promotion of wind and solar energy Financial
Incentives/Subsidies
Solar
Wind
Electricity Superseded
1999
 Argentina Proyecto de Energia Renovable en el Mercado Electrico Rural (PERMER) Incentives/Subsidies Multiple Renewable Energy Sources Electricity Ended
1999
 Australia New South Wales Solar Bonus Scheme Incentives/Subsidies Solar Photovoltaic
Wind
Electricity In force
2010
 Australia Renewable Energy Bonus Scheme Incentives/Subsidies Solar Thermal Heating and Cooling (Domestic / Industrial Process) In force
2010
 Australia Residential Net Feed-in Tariff for Western Australia Incentives/Subsidies Hydropower
Solar Photovoltaic
Wind
Electricity Planned
2010
 Australia Australian Capital Territory Electricity Feed-In Tariff Scheme Incentives/Subsidies Bioenergy
Geothermal
Hydropower
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources
Ocean
Solar
Solar Photovoltaic
Solar Thermal
Wind
Electricity In force
2009
 Australia The Australian Centre for Renewable Energy Incentives/Subsidies
RD & D
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources Multi-sectoral Policy In force
2009
 Australia Australian Solar Institute Incentives/Subsidies
RD & D
Solar
Solar Photovoltaic
Solar Thermal
Electricity In force
2009
 Australia Clean Energy Initiative Incentives/Subsidies
RD & D
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources
Solar
Solar Photovoltaic
Solar Thermal
Multi-sectoral Policy In force
2009
 Australia Energy Efficient Homes Package and Solar Hot Water Rebate Incentives/Subsidies Solar Thermal Heating and Cooling (Domestic / Industrial Process) Ended
2009
 Australia Enterprise Connect Incentives/Subsidies
RD & D
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources Multi-sectoral Policy In force
2009
 Australia Green Loans Programme for Households Education and Outreach
Incentives/Subsidies
Solar Multi-sectoral Policy In force
2009
 Australia Renewable Energy Demonstration Program (REDP) Incentives/Subsidies
RD & D
Bioenergy
Geothermal
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources
Ocean
Electricity In force
2009
 Australia Second Generation Biofuels Research and Development Program (Gen 2) Financial
Incentives/Subsidies
RD & D
Bioenergy Transport In force
2009
 Australia Solar Credits Incentives/Subsidies
Tradable Permits
Hydropower
Solar Photovoltaic
Wind
Electricity In force
2009
 Australia Solar Flagships Program Incentives/Subsidies Solar Photovoltaic
Solar Thermal
Electricity In force
2009
 Australia Victorian Feed-in Tariff Scheme Incentives/Subsidies Bioenergy
Hydropower
Solar
Solar Photovoltaic
Wind
Electricity In force
2008
(amended 2009)
 Australia Clean Business Australia Incentives/Subsidies
RD & D
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources Multi-sectoral Policy In force
2008
 Australia Geothermal Drilling Program Incentives/Subsidies
RD & D
Geothermal Electricity In force
2008
 Australia Green Precincts Fund Incentives/Subsidies Solar
Solar Photovoltaic
Solar Thermal
Wind
Multi-sectoral Policy In force
2008
 Australia National Solar Schools Program Incentives/Subsidies Solar Multi-sectoral Policy In force
2008
 Australia Queensland Solar Bonus Scheme Incentives/Subsidies
Voluntary Agreement
Bioenergy
Solar
Solar Photovoltaic
Electricity In force
2008
 Australia South Australian Feed-in Tariff Scheme Incentives/Subsidies Solar Photovoltaic Electricity Under review
2008
 Australia Green Vouchers for Schools Financial
Incentives/Subsidies
Solar Thermal Superseded
2007
 Australia Queensland Smart Energy Policy Education and Outreach
Incentives/Subsidies
Policy Processes
Regulatory Instruments
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources
Solar Photovoltaic
Electricity In force
2007
 Australia Solar Hot Water Rebate Financial
Incentives/Subsidies
Solar Thermal Heating and Cooling (Domestic / Industrial Process) Superseded
2007
 Australia Energy Grants Credit Scheme - Alternative fuels Incentives/Subsidies Bioenergy Transport Ended
2006
 Australia Ethanol Distribution Program Incentives/Subsidies Bioenergy Transport Ended
2006
 Australia Fuel Tax Reform Financial
Incentives/Subsidies
Transport In force
2006
 Australia Funding for Low Emissions Technology and Abatement Incentives/Subsidies
RD & D
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources Multi-sectoral Policy Ended
2005
 Australia Advanced Electricity Storage Technology Financial
Incentives/Subsidies
RD & D
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources Electricity Ended
2004
 Australia Biofuel Capital Grants Incentives/Subsidies Bioenergy Transport In force
2004
 Australia Low Emissions Technology Demonstration Fund Incentives/Subsidies
RD & D
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources Multi-sectoral Policy Ended
2004
 Australia Renewable Energy Development Initiative Incentives/Subsidies
RD & D
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources Multi-sectoral Policy Ended
2004
 Australia Energy Grants (Cleaner Fuels) Scheme Financial
Incentives/Subsidies
Bioenergy Transport In force
2003
 Australia Renewable Energy Industry Development (REID) Incentives/Subsidies Multiple Renewable Energy Sources Electricity Superseded
2003
 Australia Ethanol and Biodiesel Production Grants Incentives/Subsidies Bioenergy Transport In force
2002
 Australia Solar Homes and Communities Plan (formerly Photovoltaic Rebate Program) Incentives/Subsidies Solar Photovoltaic Electricity Ended
2000
(extended 2007)
 Australia Diesel and Alternative Fuels Grant Scheme Incentives/Subsidies Transport Ended
2000
 Australia Greenhouse Gas Abatement Programme Incentives/Subsidies
Regulatory Instruments
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources Multi-sectoral Policy Ended
2000
 Australia Measures for a Better Environment Package Incentives/Subsidies Multiple Renewable Energy Sources Framework Policy Ended
2000
 Australia Queensland Cleaner Energy Strategy Incentives/Subsidies
Policy Processes
Public Investment
RD & D
Voluntary Agreement
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources Multi-sectoral Policy Superseded
2000
 Australia Renewable Remote Power Generation Programme Incentives/Subsidies Multiple Renewable Energy Sources Electricity Ended
2000
 Australia Renewable Energy Commercialisation Programme Incentives/Subsidies
RD & D
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources Multi-sectoral Policy Superseded
1999
 Australia Renewable Energy Equity Fund Incentives/Subsidies
RD & D
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources Multi-sectoral Policy In force
1999
 Australia Renewable Energy Industry Programme (REIP) Incentives/Subsidies Multiple Renewable Energy Sources Multi-sectoral Policy Superseded
1998
 Australia Ethanol Production Bounty Scheme Incentives/Subsidies
RD & D
Bioenergy Transport Superseded
1994
 Austria Ökostromverordnung (feed-in tariffs) 2010 - ÖSVO 2010 Incentives/Subsidies Bioenergy
Geothermal
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources
Solar Photovoltaic
Wind
Electricity In force
2010
 Austria Combined Heat and Power Law (CHP Law - KWK Gesetz) Incentives/Subsidies Multiple Renewable Energy Sources Multi-sectoral Policy In force
2009
 Austria Ökostromverordnung 2009 (2009 feed-in tariffs for green electricity) Incentives/Subsidies Bioenergy
Geothermal
Hydropower
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources
Solar Photovoltaic
Wind
Electricity Superseded
2009
 Austria Green Electricity Act - 2008 and 2009 amendments Incentives/Subsidies
Regulatory Instruments
Bioenergy
Geothermal
Hydropower
Solar Photovoltaic
Wind
Electricity In force
2008
(expanded
and in
force 2009)
 Austria Federal Promotion of Extraordinary Efficiency in Buildings Incentives/Subsidies
Regulatory Instruments
Geothermal
Bioenergy
Solar Photovoltaic
Solar Thermal
Heating and Cooling (Domestic / Industrial Process) In force
2006
 Austria Energy Efficient Housing Programmes - Constitutional Treaty Between Austrian Federation and Länder Incentives/Subsidies
Policy Processes
Regulatory Instruments
Bioenergy
Geothermal
Solar Thermal
Framework Policy In force
2005
 Austria klima:aktiv Programme Education and Outreach
Incentives/Subsidies
Bioenergy
Solar Thermal
Multi-sectoral Policy In force
2004
 Austria Transposition of Biofuels Directive 2003/30/EC - Mineral Oil Tax Revision/Fuel Ordinance Amendment Financial
Regulatory Instruments
Bioenergy Transport In force
2004
 Austria Green Electricity Act Incentives/Subsidies
Policy Processes
Regulatory Instruments
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources Electricity In force
2002
(amended
2006,
2007,
2008)
 Austria KlimaAktiv: Climate Strategy 2008 - 2012 Education and Outreach
Incentives/Subsidies
Policy Processes
RD & D
Regulatory Instruments
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources Framework Policy Superseded
2002
 Austria Eco-Plants Feed-In Tariffs Incentives/Subsidies Bioenergy
Wind
Solar Photovoltaic
Electricity Superseded
2001
 Austria Federal Environment Fund Education and Outreach
Financial
Policy Processes
RD & D
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources Multi-sectoral Policy In force
2001
 Austria Financial Incentives for Investment in Residential Renewable Generation and Residential Efficiency Financial
Incentives/Subsidies
Solar Photovoltaic
Solar Thermal
Geothermal
Bioenergy
Heating and Cooling (Domestic / Industrial Process)
Electricity
Superseded
2001
 Austria Combined Heat and Power (CHP) Financial
Incentives/Subsidies
Regulatory Instruments
Fossil Fuels
Geothermal
Electricity Superseded
2000
 Austria Energy Taxes Financial Multiple Renewable Energy Sources Electricity
Transport
In force
1996
 Austria Financial Incentives for Rural Biomass Energy Generation Financial
Incentives/Subsidies
Bioenergy Electricity In force
1995
 Belarus Ethanol Plant Framework Agreement Incentives/Subsidies
Public Investment
Bioenergy Transport In force
2008
 Belarus Feed-in tariffs for renewable energy Incentives/Subsidies Multiple Renewable Energy Sources Electricity In force
1994
 Belgium Provincial and municipal grants for solar energy - Flanders Incentives/Subsidies Solar
Solar Photovoltaic
Multi-sectoral Policy In force
various years (depending
on province/
municipality)
 Belgium SOLWATT - Wallonia Incentives/Subsidies Solar Photovoltaic Multi-sectoral Policy In force
2008
 Belgium Flanders: Call-system ecological investment subsidy Incentives/Subsidies Bioenergy
Geothermal
Solar Photovoltaic
Solar Thermal
Wind
Multi-sectoral Policy In force
2007
 Belgium Grants supporting solar energy - Brussels region Incentives/Subsidies Solar
Solar Photovoltaic
Solar Thermal
Multi-sectoral Policy In force
2007
 Belgium Subsidies for renewable energy in tertiary sector buildings - Brussels region Education and Outreach
Incentives/Subsidies
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources Multi-sectoral Policy In force
2007
 Belgium Flanders: grants for solar thermal, micro-CHP and heat pumps Incentives/Subsidies Solar Thermal Heating and Cooling (Domestic / Industrial Process) In force
2006
(expanded 2009)
 Belgium Excise Tax Reduction for Biofuels Financial Bioenergy Transport In force
2006
 Belgium Energy Fund Grants for Small-Scale Heat Generation - Wallonia Incentives/Subsidies Bioenergy Heating and Cooling (Domestic / Industrial Process) In force
2005
 Belgium Subsidies for Renewable Energy Investment - Wallonia Financial
Incentives/Subsidies
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources Multi-sectoral Policy In force
2005
 Belgium Green Certificate Scheme - Federal Incentives/Subsidies
Regulatory Instruments
Bioenergy
Hydropower
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources
Solar
Wind
Electricity In force
2003
 Belgium Renewable Energy Support Scheme - Wallonia Incentives/Subsidies Multiple Renewable Energy Sources Electricity In force
2003
 Belgium Tax deductions for investments in energy efficiency and renewable energy- Federal Financial Solar Photovoltaic
Solar Thermal
Multi-sectoral Policy In force
2003
 Belgium Green Certificates Scheme - Wallonia Incentives/Subsidies
Policy Processes
Regulatory Instruments
Tradable Permits
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources Electricity In force
2002
 Belgium Subsidies for companies investing in renewable energy ? Wallonia Incentives/Subsidies Bioenergy
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources
Multi-sectoral Policy In force
2002
 Belgium Subsidies for energy efficiency audits and energy analysis systems - Wallonia Incentives/Subsidies Multiple Renewable Energy Sources Multi-sectoral Policy In force
2002
 Belgium Support for solar - Flanders Incentives/Subsidies Solar Photovoltaic Multi-sectoral Policy Superseded
2002
 Belgium Fiscal Deduction to Promote Energy Efficiency Financial Multiple Renewable Energy Sources Multi-sectoral Policy Superseded
2000
 Belgium Renewable Energy Development Fund - Flanders Incentives/Subsidies
Policy Processes
RD & D
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources Multi-sectoral Policy Ended
2000
 Belgium Soltherm - Wallonia Education and Outreach
Incentives/Subsidies
Solar Thermal Heating and Cooling (Domestic / Industrial Process) In force
2000
 Belgium Subsidies to Improve Energy Efficiency of Public Buildings - Wallonia & Brussels Capital Region Financial
Incentives/Subsidies
Public Investment
Regulatory Instruments
Bioenergy
Geothermal
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources
Solar Thermal
Heating and Cooling (Domestic / Industrial Process) In force
2000
 Belgium Support for Solar - Brussels Region Incentives/Subsidies Solar Thermal Heating and Cooling (Domestic / Industrial Process) Superseded
1999
 Belgium VIREG (the Flemish Agency for the Rational Use of Energy) subsidy Incentives/Subsidies Multiple Renewable Energy Sources Electricity Ended
1997
 Belgium RUE/Electricity Generation Fund Financial Multiple Renewable Energy Sources Ended
1996
 Belgium Financial support for demonstration projects - Flanders Incentives/Subsidies Multiple Renewable Energy Sources Multi-sectoral Policy In force
1992
 Belgium Tax deduction for investments in energy efficiency & renewable energy by Enterprises Financial Multiple Renewable Energy Sources In force
1992
 Belgium Support for Pre-Feasability Studies (AMURE) - Wallonia Education and Outreach
Incentives/Subsidies
Regulatory Instruments
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources Multi-sectoral Policy In force
1990
(updated in 1994)
 Belgium Technology Subsidies - Wallonia, Flanders & Brussels-Capital Financial
Incentives/Subsidies
RD & D
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources Multi-sectoral Policy In force
1983
 Bolivia Reglamento Sobre Recursos Provenientes del Sector Electrico Destinados a Electrificacion Incentives/Subsidies
Regulatory Instruments
In force
1999
 Botswana National Photovoltaic Rural Electrification Programme Incentives/Subsidies
Public Investment
Solar Photovoltaic
Solar Thermal
Electricity In force
1997
 Brazil Luz para Todos (Light for All) electricifation programme Incentives/Subsidies
Policy Processes
Public Investment
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources Electricity In force
2003
 Brazil Programme of Incentives for Alternative Electricity Sources - Programa de Incentivo a Fontes Alternativas de Energia Elétrica - PROINFA Incentives/Subsidies
Regulatory Instruments
Tradable Permits
Bioenergy
Hydropower
Wind
Electricity In force
2002
 Brazil Renewable Energy & Energy Efficiency Partnership (REEEP) Education and Outreach
Incentives/Subsidies
Policy Processes
Voluntary Agreement
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources Multi-sectoral Policy In force
2002
 Brazil National Rural Electrification Programme - Programa Nacional de Electrificação Rural Incentives/Subsidies
Public Investment
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources Electricity Superseded
1999
 Brazil National Programme for Energy Development of States and Municipalities - PRODEEM Incentives/Subsidies
Policy Processes
Solar Photovoltaic Electricity Ended
1996
 Bulgaria Feed-in Tariff for Hydro, Biomass or Wind Power Incentives/Subsidies
Regulatory Instruments
Bioenergy
Hydropower
Wind
Electricity Planned
2007
 Canada Ontario Feed-in Tariff Programme Incentives/Subsidies Bioenergy
Hydropower
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources
Solar Photovoltaic
Wind
Electricity In force
2009
 Canada ecoENERGY for Biofuels Incentives/Subsidies
Policy Processes
Bioenergy Transport In force
2008
 Canada Accelerated Capital Cost Allowance Financial Bioenergy
Fossil Fuels
Hydropower
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources
Ocean
Solar Photovoltaic
Solar Thermal
Wind
Multi-sectoral Policy In force
2007
 Canada ecoAgriculture Biofuels Capital Initiative Incentives/Subsidies Bioenergy Transport In force
2007
 Canada ecoENERGY for Aboriginal and Northern Communities Financial Bioenergy
Hydropower
Solar
Solar Thermal
Wind
Multi-sectoral Policy In force
2007
 Canada ecoENERGY for Renewable Heat Program Incentives/Subsidies
Regulatory Instruments
Voluntary Agreement
Geothermal
Solar Thermal
Heating and Cooling (Domestic / Industrial Process) In force
2007
 Canada ecoENERGY for Renewable Power Incentives/Subsidies Geothermal
Hydropower
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources
Ocean
Solar Photovoltaic
Electricity In force
2007
 Canada ecoENERGY Technology Initiative Education and Outreach
Incentives/Subsidies
RD & D
Bioenergy
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources
Ocean
Solar
Solar Photovoltaic
Solar Thermal
Wind
Multi-sectoral Policy In force
2007
 Canada NextGen Biofuels Fund Incentives/Subsidies
RD & D
Bioenergy Transport In force
2007
 Canada Trust fund for Clean Air and Climate Change Financial Multiple Renewable Energy Sources Multi-sectoral Policy In force
2007
 Canada Ontario Renewable Energy Standard Offer Programme (RESOP) Incentives/Subsidies Bioenergy
Hydropower
Solar Photovoltaic
Wind
Electricity Superseded
2006
 Canada Climate Change Technology and Innovation Research and Development Education and Outreach
Incentives/Subsidies
Public Investment
RD & D
Voluntary Agreement
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources Multi-sectoral Policy Superseded
2003
 Canada Renewable Energy Deployment Initiative (Extension) Incentives/Subsidies Multiple Renewable Energy Sources Multi-sectoral Policy Superseded
2003
 Canada Market Incentive Program Incentives/Subsidies Multiple Renewable Energy Sources Electricity Ended
2002
 Canada Renewable Energy & Energy Efficiency Partnership (REEEP) Education and Outreach
Incentives/Subsidies
Policy Processes
Voluntary Agreement
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources Multi-sectoral Policy In force
2002
 Canada Wind Power Production Incentive (WPPI) Incentives/Subsidies
Regulatory Instruments
Wind Electricity Superseded
2002
 Canada Doubling of Green Municipal Funds Financial
Incentives/Subsidies
Public Investment
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources Multi-sectoral Policy In force
2001
 Canada Future Fuels Initiative Education and Outreach
Financial
Incentives/Subsidies
Policy Processes
RD & D
Bioenergy Transport In force
2001
 Canada Sustainable Technology Development Canada Incentives/Subsidies
RD & D
Voluntary Agreement
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources Multi-sectoral Policy In force
2001
 Canada Green Municipal Funds Incentives/Subsidies
Public Investment
Financial
Education and Outreach
Regulatory Instruments
Voluntary Agreement
Superseded
2000
 Canada Climate Change Action Fund Education and Outreach
Incentives/Subsidies
RD & D
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources Multi-sectoral Policy Ended
1999
 Canada Climate Change Action Fund - Technology Early Action Measures (TEAM) Incentives/Subsidies
RD & D
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources Multi-sectoral Policy Ended
1999
 Canada Pilot Emissions Removals, Reductions and Learnings Initiative Incentives/Subsidies Multiple Renewable Energy Sources
Wind
Multi-sectoral Policy Ended
1999
 Canada Government Purchases of Electricity from Renewable Resources Incentives/Subsidies Bioenergy
Hydropower
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources
Wind
Electricity Ended
1997
 Canada Renewable Energy Deployment Initiative Education and Outreach
Incentives/Subsidies
Regulatory Instruments
Bioenergy
Geothermal
Solar Thermal
Heating and Cooling (Domestic / Industrial Process) Ended
1997
 Canada Canadian Renewable Conservation Expenses (CRCE) Financial Multiple Renewable Energy Sources Multi-sectoral Policy In force
1996
 Canada Income Tax Act - Accelerated Capital Cost Allowance Financial Fossil Fuels
Hydropower
Solar
Superseded
1994
 Canada Program of Energy Research and Development (PERD) Incentives/Subsidies Bioenergy
Geothermal
Hydropower
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources
Ocean
Solar
Wind
Electricity In force
1974
 Chile Rural Electrification with Renewable Energy Programme Education and Outreach
Financial
Public Investment
Hydropower
Solar Photovoltaic
Wind
Electricity In force
2001
 China Shandong Province Village Renewable Energy Regulations Incentives/Subsidies
Regulatory Instruments
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources Multi-sectoral Policy In force
2008
 China Preferential Tax Policies for Renewable Energy Financial Bioenergy
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources
Solar Photovoltaic
Wind
Electricity In force
2003
(expansion 2007)
 China Wind Power Concession Programme Incentives/Subsidies Wind Electricity In force
2003
 China Support for fuel ethanol production Financial
Incentives/Subsidies
Bioenergy Transport In force
2002
 China Reduced VAT for renewable energy Financial Bioenergy
Wind
Electricity In force
2001
(expanded 2003)
 Croatia Renewable Energy & Energy Efficiency Partnership (REEEP) Education and Outreach
Incentives/Subsidies
Policy Processes
Voluntary Agreement
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources Multi-sectoral Policy Planned
 Czech-Republic Green Investment Scheme Incentives/Subsidies Solar Thermal Heating and Cooling (Domestic / Industrial Process) In force
2009
 Czech-Republic Act on the Promotion of the Use of Renewable Energy Sources (Act No. 180/2005 Coll.) Incentives/Subsidies
Regulatory Instruments
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources Electricity In force
2005; amended 2010
 Czech-Republic Tax exemption for renewable energy use Financial Bioenergy
Geothermal
Hydropower
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources
Solar Photovoltaic
Wind
Multi-sectoral Policy In force
2005
 Czech-Republic Building Retrofit Subsidies: PANEL programme Incentives/Subsidies Multiple Renewable Energy Sources Multi-sectoral Policy In force
2004 (amended 2009)
 Czech-Republic Excise tax exemptions for biofuels Financial Bioenergy Transport In force
2004 (amended 2008)
 Czech-Republic Promotion of crops for energy use Incentives/Subsidies Bioenergy Multi-sectoral Policy In force
2004
 Czech-Republic Energy Management Act Education and Outreach
Incentives/Subsidies
Policy Processes
Regulatory Instruments
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources Framework Policy Superseded
2001; amended 2006, 2010
 Czech-Republic Subsidies for biodiesel production Incentives/Subsidies Bioenergy Transport Ended
1999
 Czech-Republic State Programme to Support Energy Savings and Use of Renewable Energy and Secondary Sources Education and Outreach
Financial
Policy Processes
RD & D
Regulatory Instruments
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources Framework Policy In force
1991
 Denmark Agreement on Green Growth Incentives/Subsidies
Policy Processes
RD & D
Regulatory Instruments
Bioenergy Multi-sectoral Policy In force
2009
 Denmark Feed-in premium tariffs for renewable power (Promotion of Renewable Energy Act) Incentives/Subsidies Bioenergy
Geothermal
Hydropower
Ocean
Solar
Wind
Electricity In force
2009
 Denmark Promotion of Renewable Energy Act Incentives/Subsidies
RD & D
Regulatory Instruments
Bioenergy
Geothermal
Hydropower
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources
Ocean
Solar
Wind
Electricity In force
2009
 Denmark Agreement on Danish Energy Policy 2008-2011 Financial
Incentives/Subsidies
Policy Processes
Public Investment
RD & D
Bioenergy
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources
Wind
Electricity In force
2008
 Denmark Replacement Scheme for Wind turbines on land Incentives/Subsidies Wind Electricity In force
2004 (amended 2009)
 Denmark Subsidies for Renewable Electricity Generation Incentives/Subsidies Multiple Renewable Energy Sources Electricity In force
2004
 Denmark New Rules for Payment of Green Electricity - Adaptation of the Electricity Act Reforms Incentives/Subsidies
Tradable Permits
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources Electricity Superseded
2001
 Denmark Replacement of wind turbines Incentives/Subsidies Wind Electricity Ended
2001
 Denmark Legislation on Electricity Favourable to Renewables (Electricity Reform Agreement) Incentives/Subsidies
Regulatory Instruments
Tradable Permits
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources Electricity Ended
2000
 Denmark Carbon Tax/Green Tax System Financial Electricity In force
1999
 Denmark Subsidies for wind turbines Incentives/Subsidies Wind Electricity Ended
1999
 Denmark Net Metering for Small-scale PV Incentives/Subsidies Solar Photovoltaic Electricity In force
1998
 Denmark Wind Energy Co-operative Tax Incentive Financial Wind Electricity
1997
 Denmark Green Tax Package 1995 Financial Electricity Superseded
1995
 Denmark Energy Research Programme Incentives/Subsidies
RD & D
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources Electricity In force
1976
 Egypt New National Renewable Energy Strategy Incentives/Subsidies
Policy Processes
Regulatory Instruments
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources
Wind
Electricity In force
2007
 Estonia Electricity Market Act 2007 Incentives/Subsidies
Regulatory Instruments
Bioenergy
Hydropower
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources
Wind
Electricity In force
2007
 Estonia Electricity Market Act 2003 Incentives/Subsidies
Regulatory Instruments
Bioenergy
Hydropower
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources
Wind
Electricity Superseded
2003 (amended 2004)
 European-Union Intelligent Energy-Europe Programme (2007-13) Education and Outreach
Incentives/Subsidies
RD & D
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources In force
2007
 European-Union Seventh Framework Programme for Research and Technological Development (FP7) Incentives/Subsidies
RD & D
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources Multi-sectoral Policy In force
2007
 European-Union Directive on the Taxation of Energy Products and Electricity Financial Multiple Renewable Energy Sources Multi-sectoral Policy In force
2004
 Finland BioRefine Technology Programme for New Biomass Products Incentives/Subsidies
RD & D
Education and Outreach
Bioenergy Electricity
Heating and Cooling (Domestic / Industrial Process)
In force
2007
 Finland Development Programme for Second Generation Transport Biofuels Financial
Incentives/Subsidies
Bioenergy Transport In force
2007
 Finland DENSY: Technology Programme for Distributed Energy Systems Incentives/Subsidies
RD & D
Bioenergy
Hydropower
Ocean
Wind
Ended
2003
 Finland Energy Grants for Residential Buildings Incentives/Subsidies Multiple Renewable Energy Sources Multi-sectoral Policy In force
2003
 Finland Energy Tax Overhaul Financial
Incentives/Subsidies
Bioenergy
Geothermal
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources
Electricity Ended
2002
 Finland National Climate Strategy Financial
Policy Processes
Superseded
2001
 Finland Action Plan for Renewable Energy Sources Policy Processes
Financial
Incentives/Subsidies
Geothermal
Bioenergy
Hydropower
Wind
Multi-sectoral Policy Superseded
1999
 Finland Support for RE technologies Incentives/Subsidies
RD & D
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources Multi-sectoral Policy
1999
 Finland VAT Reduction Financial Bioenergy Electricity
1999
 Finland Energy Aid Incentives/Subsidies Bioenergy
Hydropower
Solar Photovoltaic
Solar Thermal
Wind
In force
1998
 Finland Tax subsidies for power production based on renewable energy sources Financial Bioenergy
Hydropower
Wind
Electricity In force
1997 (modified 2007)
 France Renewable Energy Feed-In Tariff: Solar PV Incentives/Subsidies Solar Photovoltaic Electricity In force
2010
 France Finance Law 2009: Sustainable energy provisions Financial
Incentives/Subsidies
Regulatory Instruments
Bioenergy
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources
Multi-sectoral Policy In force
2009
 France Plan for the energy performance of agricultural exploitations Education and Outreach
Incentives/Subsidies
Bioenergy
Geothermal
Solar Photovoltaic
Solar Thermal
Multi-sectoral Policy In force
2009
 France Renewable Energy Feed-In Tariff: Biomass Incentives/Subsidies Bioenergy Electricity In force
2009
 France Livret de Developpement Durable: Preferential loans for energy saving measures Incentives/Subsidies Bioenergy
Geothermal
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources
Solar
Multi-sectoral Policy In force
2007
 France Renewable Energy Feed-In Tariff: Hydropower (IV) Incentives/Subsidies
Regulatory Instruments
Hydropower Electricity In force
2007
 France Renewable Energy Feed-in Tariffs (III) Incentives/Subsidies
Regulatory Instruments
Bioenergy
Geothermal
Solar Photovoltaic
Wind
Electricity In force
2006
 France OSEO Innovation for SMEs - support for RD&D Incentives/Subsidies
RD & D
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources Multi-sectoral Policy In force
2005
 France Tax Credit for Energy-Saving and Renewable Energy Equipment Financial Bioenergy
Geothermal
Solar Photovoltaic
Solar Thermal
Wind
Multi-sectoral Policy In force
2005
 France Flexible depreciation Financial Multiple Renewable Energy Sources Framework Policy In force
2003
 France Extension of Tax Credit for Large Collective Equipment, Renewable Energy Equipment, Thermal Insulation and Heating Regulation Equipment Financial Ended
2002
 France Extension of Tax Credit in Favour of Renewable Energy Equipment in New Housing Financial Multiple Renewable Energy Sources Multi-sectoral Policy In force
2002
 France Extension of the Law on Reduced VAT for Residential Renewable Energy Equipment Financial Multiple Renewable Energy Sources Electricity In force
2002
 France Renewable Energy & Energy Efficiency Partnership (REEEP) Education and Outreach
Incentives/Subsidies
Policy Processes
Voluntary Agreement
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources Multi-sectoral Policy In force
2002
 France Renewable Energy Feed-in Tariffs (II) Incentives/Subsidies Bioenergy
Geothermal
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources
Solar Photovoltaic
Electricity In force
2002
 France Government Crediting and Loan Guarantee for Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Investment - FOGIME Incentives/Subsidies Multiple Renewable Energy Sources Multi-sectoral Policy In force
2001
 France Renewable Energy Feed-in Tariffs (I) Incentives/Subsidies Multiple Renewable Energy Sources Electricity In force
2001
 France Electricity Law 2000 Incentives/Subsidies
Regulatory Instruments
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources Electricity In force
2000
 France Tax Credit for Renewable Energy in New Buildings Financial Multiple Renewable Energy Sources Heating and Cooling (Domestic / Industrial Process)
Electricity
Superseded
2000
 France Biogas Agreement Incentives/Subsidies Bioenergy Electricity In force
1999
 France Renewable energy market development (support for demonstration and diffusion) Incentives/Subsidies Multiple Renewable Energy Sources Framework Policy In force
1999
 France Wood Energy Programme Education and Outreach
Incentives/Subsidies
Bioenergy In force
1999
 France Wind Energy Programme Incentives/Subsidies
Policy Processes
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources Electricity In force
1996
 France FACE (Fonds d'amortissement des charges d'électrification) Programme Incentives/Subsidies
Public Investment
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources Electricity Ended
1995
 France Rural electrification using RES Incentives/Subsidies Multiple Renewable Energy Sources Electricity
1995
 Germany 2009 Amendment of the Renewable Energy Sources Act (Erneuerbare-Energien-Gesetz, EEG) Incentives/Subsidies
Policy Processes
Bioenergy
Geothermal
Hydropower
Solar Photovoltaic
Wind
Electricity In force
2009
 Germany KfW-Programme Energy-Efficient Rehabilitation (Energieeffizient Sanieren) Incentives/Subsidies Bioenergy
Geothermal
Solar Thermal
Heating and Cooling (Domestic / Industrial Process) In force
2009
 Germany KfW Renewable Energies Programme (KfW-Programm Erneuerbare Energien) Incentives/Subsidies Bioenergy
Geothermal
Hydropower
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources
Solar Photovoltaic
Solar Thermal
Wind
Multi-sectoral Policy In force
2009
 Germany KfW-Programme Producing Solar Power Incentives/Subsidies Solar Photovoltaic Electricity Superseded
2005
 Germany Solarthermie 2000Plus Incentives/Subsidies
RD & D
Solar Thermal Heating and Cooling (Domestic / Industrial Process) In force
2004 (amended 2008)
 Germany Renewable Energy Sources Act (Erneuerbare-Energien-Gesetz EEG) 2004 Incentives/Subsidies
Regulatory Instruments
Bioenergy
Geothermal
Hydropower
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources
Solar
Solar Photovoltaic
Wind
Electricity In force
2004 (amended 2006 and 2008)
 Germany Combined Heat and Power Law (Kraft-Wärme-Kopplungs Modernisierungsgesetz) Incentives/Subsidies
Regulatory Instruments
Bioenergy In force
2002 (amended 2008)
 Germany CO2 Building Restructuring Programme (CO2 Gebäude Sanierungsprogramm) Incentives/Subsidies Bioenergy
Geothermal
Solar Photovoltaic
Solar Thermal
Superseded
2001 (amended 2006)
 Germany Investing in the Future Programme (Zukunfts -Investitions-Programm, ZIP) Incentives/Subsidies
RD & D
Bioenergy
Geothermal
Solar Photovoltaic
Solar Thermal
Wind
Multi-sectoral Policy Ended
2001
 Germany Combined Heat and Power (CHP) Extra Law (Gesetz zum Schutz der Stromerzeugung aus Kraft-Wärme-Kopplung - Kraft-Wärme-Kopplungsgesetz) Incentives/Subsidies
Regulatory Instruments
Voluntary Agreement
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources Electricity Superseded
2000
 Germany Renewable Energy Sources Act (Erneuerbare-Energien-Gesetz EEG) Incentives/Subsidies
Regulatory Instruments
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources Electricity Superseded
2000
 Germany 100 000 Roofs Solar Power Programme Incentives/Subsidies Solar Photovoltaic Electricity Superseded
1999
 Germany Eco-Tax Reform Financial Bioenergy
Fossil Fuels
Framework Policy In force
1999
 Germany Market Incentive Programme (Marktanreizprogramm) Incentives/Subsidies
RD & D
Bioenergy
Geothermal
Solar Thermal
Heating and Cooling (Domestic / Industrial Process) In force
1999
 Germany Preferential Loan Programmes offered by the Reconstruction Loan Corporation (KfW) Incentives/Subsidies Multiple Renewable Energy Sources In force
1999
 Germany 100 Million Programme Education and Outreach
Incentives/Subsidies
Bioenergy
Geothermal
Hydropower
Solar
Solar Photovoltaic
Solar Thermal
Wind
Ended
1995
 Germany Home Eco Grant (Eigenheim-Ökozulage) Incentives/Subsidies Solar Thermal Ended
1995
 Germany Ordinance on the Fee Schedule for Architects and Engineers Incentives/Subsidies Multiple Renewable Energy Sources In force
1995
 Germany Full Cost Rates (Kostendeckende Vergütung) Incentives/Subsidies Solar Photovoltaic Electricity Ended
1993
 Germany Electricity Feed-In Law of 1991 ("Stromeinspeisungsgesetz") Incentives/Subsidies
Regulatory Instruments
Bioenergy
Hydropower
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources
Wind
Electricity Superseded
1991
 Germany ERP-Environment and Energy Saving Programme Incentives/Subsidies Bioenergy
Hydropower
Solar Photovoltaic
Solar Thermal
Wind
Multi-sectoral Policy Superseded
1990
 Germany 250 MW Wind Programme Incentives/Subsidies Wind Electricity Ended
1989
 Germany Federal States (Länder) Support for Renewable Energy Financial
Incentives/Subsidies
Policy Processes
RD & D
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources Framework Policy In force
1985
 Ghana Renewable Energy & Energy Efficiency Partnership (REEEP) Education and Outreach
Incentives/Subsidies
Policy Processes
Voluntary Agreement
Multi-sectoral Policy In force
2002
 Ghana Renewable Energy Services Programme (RESPRO) Incentives/Subsidies
Public Investment
Solar Photovoltaic Electricity In force
1999
 Ghana Tax and duty exemptions Financial Solar
Wind
Electricity In force
1998
 Greece Feed-in tariff for Solar PV Incentives/Subsidies Solar
Solar Photovoltaic
Electricity In force
2009
 Greece Generation of Electricity using Renewable Energy Sources Incentives/Subsidies
Regulatory Instruments
Bioenergy
Geothermal
Hydropower
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources
Solar
Solar Photovoltaic
Wind
Electricity In force
2006 (amended 2009)
 Greece Law 3423/2005 Introduction of biofuels and other Renewable fuels in the Greek market Financial Bioenergy Transport In force
2005
 Greece Development incentives for renewable energy sources Incentives/Subsidies Multiple Renewable Energy Sources Multi-sectoral Policy In force
2004
 Greece National Operational Programme for Competitiveness II Incentives/Subsidies
RD & D
Geothermal
Hydropower
Solar Thermal
Wind
Framework Policy In force
2000
 Greece Feed-in Tariffs Incentives/Subsidies Multiple Renewable Energy Sources Electricity Superseded
1999
 Greece Law 2244/94 Incentives/Subsidies
Regulatory Instruments
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources Electricity Superseded
1994
 Greece Operational Programme for Energy (OPE) : Fiscal Incentives for Renewables and Energy Conservation Incentives/Subsidies Bioenergy
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources
Solar Photovoltaic
Solar Thermal
Wind
Multi-sectoral Policy In force
1994
 Greece Incentives for Investment in Combined Heat and Power Incentives/Subsidies
Regulatory Instruments
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources Heating and Cooling (Domestic / Industrial Process) In force
1990
 Hungary National Energy Conservation Programme 2008 (NEP 2008) Incentives/Subsidies Bioenergy
Geothermal
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources
Solar
Wind
In force
2008
 Hungary Excise tax exemption for biofuels Financial Bioenergy Transport In force
2007
 Hungary Renewable Energy & Energy Efficiency Partnership (REEEP) Education and Outreach
Incentives/Subsidies
Policy Processes
Voluntary Agreement
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources Multi-sectoral Policy In force
2007
 Hungary New Hungary Development Plan (NHDP) and Environment and Energy Operative Programme (KEOP) Incentives/Subsidies Multiple Renewable Energy Sources Multi-sectoral Policy In force
2006
 Hungary Structural Funds for Environment Protection and Infrastructure Operative Programme (EIOP) Subsidies Financial
Incentives/Subsidies
Regulatory Instruments
Tradable Permits
Bioenergy
Hydropower
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources
Ocean
Solar Thermal
Wind
Framework Policy In force
2006
 Hungary Electricity Act 2005 Incentives/Subsidies
Policy Processes
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources Electricity In force
2005
 Hungary German Coal Aid Revolving Fund - Revision Incentives/Subsidies Multiple Renewable Energy Sources
Bioenergy
Electricity
Heating and Cooling (Domestic / Industrial Process)
In force
2005
 Hungary Feed-in Tariff (Electricity Act) Financial
Incentives/Subsidies
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources Multi-sectoral Policy In force
2003
 Hungary Funding under the Energy Saving Strategy and Action Plan Incentives/Subsidies
Public Investment
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources Multi-sectoral Policy In force
2000
 Hungary Széchenyi Plan Incentives/Subsidies
Public Investment
Electricity Ended
2000
 Iceland Renewable Energy & Energy Efficiency Partnership (REEEP) Education and Outreach
Incentives/Subsidies
Policy Processes
Voluntary Agreement
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources Multi-sectoral Policy In force
2002
 India National Solar Mission Financial
Incentives/Subsidies
RD & D
Regulatory Instruments
Solar Photovoltaic
Solar Thermal
Electricity In force
2010
 India New feed-in tariff regulations Incentives/Subsidies Bioenergy
Fossil Fuels
Hydropower
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources
Solar
Solar Photovoltaic
Solar Thermal
Wind
Electricity In force
2009
 India Generation based incentives for wind power Incentives/Subsidies Wind Electricity In force
2008
 India Solar Power Generation Based Incentive Incentives/Subsidies Solar Photovoltaic
Solar Thermal
Electricity In force
2008
 India Ethanol Production Incentives/Subsidies
Policy Processes
Regulatory Instruments
Bioenergy Transport In force
2007
 India Tariff Policy 2006 Incentives/Subsidies
Regulatory Instruments
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources Electricity In force
2006
 India Central Financial Assistance (CFA) for Biogas Plants Education and Outreach
Financial
Policy Processes
Regulatory Instruments
Incentives/Subsidies
Bioenergy Electricity In force
2004
 India Government Assistance for Small Hydropower Stations Incentives/Subsidies
Financial
Hydropower Electricity In force
2003
 India Government Assistance for Wind Power Development Incentives/Subsidies
Financial
Wind Electricity In force
2002
 Indonesia Financial Support Policy for Geothermal Financial
Incentives/Subsidies
Geothermal Electricity In force
2008
 Indonesia Renewable Energy & Energy Efficiency Partnership (REEEP) Education and Outreach
Incentives/Subsidies
Policy Processes
Voluntary Agreement
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources Multi-sectoral Policy In force
2002
 Ireland Low Carbon Homes Programme Incentives/Subsidies Multiple Renewable Energy Sources Electricity In force
2008
 Ireland Microgeneration Support Programme Incentives/Subsidies Hydropower
Solar Photovoltaic
Wind
Electricity In force
2008
 Ireland Combined Heat and Power (CHP) Deployment Programme Incentives/Subsidies Bioenergy
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources
Multi-sectoral Policy In force
2007
 Ireland Greener Homes Scheme Incentives/Subsidies Bioenergy
Geothermal
Solar
Solar Thermal
Heating and Cooling (Domestic / Industrial Process) In force
2007
 Ireland Renewable Heat Deployment Programme (ReHeat) Incentives/Subsidies Bioenergy
Geothermal
Solar Thermal
Heating and Cooling (Domestic / Industrial Process) In force
2007
 Ireland Sustainable Energy Incubator Programme Incentives/Subsidies
RD & D
Bioenergy
Ocean
Wind
Multi-sectoral Policy In force
2007
 Ireland Biofuels Scheme II Programme for Mineral Oil Tax (MOT) Relief on Biofuels Financial Bioenergy Transport In force
2006
 Ireland Greener Homes Incentives/Subsidies Multiple Renewable Energy Sources Heating and Cooling (Domestic / Industrial Process) In force
2005
 Ireland Pilot Bioheat Boiler Deployment Programme Incentives/Subsidies Bioenergy Heating and Cooling (Domestic / Industrial Process) In force
2005
 Ireland Pilot Programme for Mineral Oil Tax (MOT) Relief on Biofuels Financial Bioenergy Transport Superseded
2005
 Ireland Renewable Energy Feed-In Tariff (REFIT) Incentives/Subsidies Bioenergy
Hydropower
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources
Ocean
Wind
Electricity In force
2005
 Ireland Renewable Energy & Energy Efficiency Partnership (REEEP) Education and Outreach
Incentives/Subsidies
Policy Processes
Voluntary Agreement
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources Multi-sectoral Policy In force
2002
 Ireland House of Tomorrow Programme Incentives/Subsidies
RD & D
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources Superseded
2001
 Ireland Green Paper on Sustainable Energy Financial
Policy Processes
Regulatory Instruments
Tradable Permits
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources Framework Policy Superseded
1999
 Israel State Subsidy for Electricity Generation from Wind and PV Incentives/Subsidies Multiple Renewable Energy Sources Electricity
2004
 Italy Funding for energy efficiency, renewable energy and bike-sharing Financial
Incentives/Subsidies
Public Investment
RD & D
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources Multi-sectoral Policy In force
2010
 Italy Finance Act 2008 : Renewable energy provisions for the Green Certificates System Incentives/Subsidies
Policy Processes
Tradable Permits
Bioenergy
Geothermal
Hydropower
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources
Ocean
Solar
Wind
Electricity In force
2009
 Italy Research for energy efficiency and renewable energy in urban areas Incentives/Subsidies
RD & D
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources Multi-sectoral Policy In force
2009
 Italy Biodiesel aid scheme: excise reduction and quotas Financial
Regulatory Instruments
Bioenergy Transport In force
2008
 Italy Feed-In Tariff for Solar Thermodynamic Energy Incentives/Subsidies Solar Thermal Electricity In force
2008
 Italy Finance Act 2008 : Renewable energy provisions for "All Inclusive" feed-in tariff for small renewable plants Incentives/Subsidies Bioenergy
Geothermal
Hydropower
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources
Ocean
Wind
Electricity In force
2008
 Italy Call for Tender - Renewable Production Investment Incentives/Subsidies Bioenergy
Solar Photovoltaic
Solar Thermal
Electricity Ended
2007
 Italy New Feed-In premium for photovoltaic systems Incentives/Subsidies
Policy Processes
Solar Photovoltaic Electricity In force
2007
 Italy "Old" Feed-In Premiums for Solar PV Energy Production Incentives/Subsidies Solar Photovoltaic Electricity Superseded
2006
 Italy Biofuels Tax Exemption Financial Bioenergy Transport Superseded
2002 (amended 2004)
 Italy Renewable Energy & Energy Efficiency Partnership (REEEP) Education and Outreach
Incentives/Subsidies
Policy Processes
Voluntary Agreement
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources Multi-sectoral Policy In force
2002
 Italy Fund for Greenhouse Gas Emissions Reduction, Energy Efficiency and Sustainable Energy Financial
Policy Processes
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources Multi-sectoral Policy In force
2001
 Italy Grant for Solar Thermal Research Incentives/Subsidies
RD & D
Solar Thermal Electricity Ended
2001
 Italy Utility targets for increasing energy efficiency Financial
Policy Processes
Regulatory Instruments
Tradable Permits
Bioenergy
Geothermal
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources
Multi-sectoral Policy In force
2001
 Italy Carbon Tax Financial Fossil Fuels Multi-sectoral Policy Ended
1999
 Italy Provisions on GHG emissions reduction Financial
Incentives/Subsidies
Policy Processes
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources Multi-sectoral Policy In force
1998
 Japan New Purchase System for Solar Power-Generated Electricity Incentives/Subsidies
Regulatory Instruments
Solar Photovoltaic Electricity In force
2009
 Japan Subsidy for Residential PV systems Incentives/Subsidies Solar Photovoltaic Electricity In force
2009
 Japan Renewable Energy & Energy Efficiency Partnership (REEEP) Education and Outreach
Incentives/Subsidies
Policy Processes
Voluntary Agreement
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources Multi-sectoral Policy In force
2002
 Japan Subsidy for RD&D for New and Renewable Energy Incentives/Subsidies
RD & D
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources Multi-sectoral Policy In force
1997
 Japan Support for Deplyment of New and Renewable Energy Incentives/Subsidies Multiple Renewable Energy Sources Multi-sectoral Policy In force
1997
 Japan Subsidy Programme for Residential PV systems Incentives/Subsidies Solar Photovoltaic Electricity Ended
1994
 Japan New Sunshine Programme Incentives/Subsidies
RD & D
Multi-sectoral Policy Ended
1993
 Japan Subsidies for Environmentally-Friendly Community Energy Projects Incentives/Subsidies Multiple Renewable Energy Sources Heating and Cooling (Domestic / Industrial Process) Ended
1993
 Kenya Feed-in tariffs for Renewable Energy Resource Generated Electricity Incentives/Subsidies
Regulatory Instruments
Bioenergy
Fossil Fuels
Hydropower
Wind
Electricity In force
2008
 Korea,-Republic-of Tax Audit Exemption - Alternative energy businesses Financial
Regulatory Instruments
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources Multi-sectoral Policy In force
2008
 Korea,-Republic-of Renewable Energy & Energy Efficiency Partnership (REEEP) Education and Outreach
Incentives/Subsidies
Policy Processes
Voluntary Agreement
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources Multi-sectoral Policy In force
2002
 Korea,-Republic-of Feed-in Tariff for Renewables (Electricity Business Law) Incentives/Subsidies
Regulatory Instruments
Bioenergy
Hydropower
Ocean
Solar Photovoltaic
Wind
Electricity In force
2001
 Korea,-Republic-of Local Energy Plan as part of the Ten-Year Plan Financial
Incentives/Subsidies
Public Investment
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources Multi-sectoral Policy Superseded
1997
 Korea,-Republic-of Subsidy programme (Renewable energy demonstration and deployment) Incentives/Subsidies
RD & D
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources Multi-sectoral Policy In force
1987
 Luxembourg Think Climate - Financial aid programme for energy savings and renewable energy in housing Incentives/Subsidies Geothermal
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources
Solar Photovoltaic
Solar Thermal
In force
2008
 Luxembourg Feed-in tariffs for renewable energy and cogeneration: Law of 14 October 2005 Incentives/Subsidies Bioenergy
Hydropower
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources
Solar Photovoltaic
Wind
Electricity In force
2005
 Luxembourg Grants for energy efficiency and renewable energy investments Incentives/Subsidies Multiple Renewable Energy Sources Electricity In force
2004
 Luxembourg Investment Grants for SMEs and non-industrial enterprises Incentives/Subsidies Multiple Renewable Energy Sources Multi-sectoral Policy In force
2004
 Luxembourg Reglement Grand-Ducal (17 juillet 2001) Incentives/Subsidies Multiple Renewable Energy Sources In force
2001
 Luxembourg Reglement Grand-Ducal (28 Decembre 2001) Incentives/Subsidies Bioenergy
Hydropower
Solar
Wind
In force
2001
 Luxembourg Differentiated Tax on Fuels Financial Bioenergy
Ocean
Transport Ended
2000
 Luxembourg Energy Tax Financial Fossil Fuels
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources
Ocean
Multi-sectoral Policy In force
1999
 Luxembourg Subsidies and Promotion of District Heating and Energy Conservation in Public Buildings and Municipalities Incentives/Subsidies
Public Investment
Regulatory Instruments
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources Heating and Cooling (Domestic / Industrial Process)
Electricity
In force
1999
 Luxembourg Feed-in tariffs for renewable energy and cogeneration: Reglement Grand-Ducal (30 mai 1994) Incentives/Subsidies Multiple Renewable Energy Sources Electricity Superseded
1994
 Luxembourg Ministerial Regulation Incentives/Subsidies In force
1994
 Luxembourg Framework Law Financial
Incentives/Subsidies
Regulatory Instruments
Bioenergy
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources
Multi-sectoral Policy In force
1993
 Malaysia Green Technology Financing Scheme (GTFS) Incentives/Subsidies Multiple Renewable Energy Sources Multi-sectoral Policy In force
2010
 Mali Programme to Popularise the Jatropha Plant (PVEPP) Education and Outreach
Incentives/Subsidies
Public Investment
RD & D
Bioenergy Multi-sectoral Policy Ended
2004
 Mali New and Renewable Energy Project for the Advancement of Women (PENRAF) Education and Outreach
Incentives/Subsidies
Public Investment
Bioenergy
Solar
Multi-sectoral Policy In force
1996 (expanded 2001)
 Mexico Renewable Energy Development and Financing for Energy Transition Law Incentives/Subsidies
Regulatory Instruments
Geothermal
Hydropower
Solar
Wind
Electricity In force
2008
 Mexico Integrated Energy Services Project for Small Localities of Rural Mexico, 2006-2011 Incentives/Subsidies
Policy Processes
Public Investment
Bioenergy
Hydropower
Solar Photovoltaic
Wind
Electricity In force
2006
 Mexico Accelerated Depreciation for Environmental Investment. (Depreciación acelerada para inversiones que reportan beneficios ambientales) Financial Multiple Renewable Energy Sources Electricity In force
2005
 Mexico Renewable Energy & Energy Efficiency Partnership (REEEP) Education and Outreach
Incentives/Subsidies
Policy Processes
Voluntary Agreement
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources Multi-sectoral Policy In force
2002
 Netherlands Incentive Scheme for Sustainable Energy Production Financial
Incentives/Subsidies
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources Multi-sectoral Policy In force
2009
 Netherlands Policy for heating and cooling (aanvalsplan warmte) Education and Outreach
Incentives/Subsidies
Policy Processes
Geothermal
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources
Heating and Cooling (Domestic / Industrial Process) Planned
2008
 Netherlands SDE (stimulering duurzame energie): Renewable energy and CHP production aid scheme Incentives/Subsidies Bioenergy
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources
Solar Photovoltaic
Wind
Electricity In force
2008
 Netherlands Energy Tax Regime Tradable Permits
Financial
Incentives/Subsidies
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources Electricity In force
2005
 Netherlands Energy Research Strategy (EOS) Incentives/Subsidies
RD & D
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources Multi-sectoral Policy In force
2004
 Netherlands MEP: Environmental Quality of Electricity Production (Milieukwaliteit van de Elektriciteitsproductie) Financial
Incentives/Subsidies
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources Electricity Ended
2003
 Netherlands Renewable Energy & Energy Efficiency Partnership (REEEP) Education and Outreach
Incentives/Subsidies
Policy Processes
Voluntary Agreement
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources Multi-sectoral Policy In force
2002
 Netherlands Energy Premium (EPR) and Energy Performance Advice (EPA) Education and Outreach
Incentives/Subsidies
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources Multi-sectoral Policy In force
2001
 Netherlands Liberalisation of Electricity Market - Green Certificates Scheme Financial
Tradable Permits
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources Electricity Superseded
2001
 Netherlands RD&D Programme DEN (duurzame energie in Nederland) Incentives/Subsidies
RD & D
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources Multi-sectoral Policy Ended
2001
 Netherlands Energy Investment Deduction (EIA) Financial Multiple Renewable Energy Sources Electricity
Heating and Cooling (Domestic / Industrial Process)
In force
1997
 Netherlands Subsidy Regulations Energy Supply in Non-profit and Private Sectors (EINP) Incentives/Subsidies Wind Electricity Ended
1997
 Netherlands Regulatory Energy Tax (Regulerende Energie Belasting - REB) Financial Fossil Fuels
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources
Electricity Superseded
1996
 Netherlands Green Funds Incentives/Subsidies
Financial
Tradable Permits
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources Multi-sectoral Policy In force
1995
 Netherlands VAMIL Depreciation scheme Financial Multiple Renewable Energy Sources Multi-sectoral Policy Ended
1990s
 New-Zealand Biodiesel Grants Scheme Incentives/Subsidies Bioenergy Transport In force
2009
 New-Zealand EECA Business Education and Outreach
Incentives/Subsidies
Bioenergy Multi-sectoral Policy In force
2009
 New-Zealand ENERGYWISE Solar Water Heating Grants Incentives/Subsidies Solar Thermal Heating and Cooling (Domestic / Industrial Process) In force
2007
 New-Zealand Innovation Fund for Solar Water Heating Incentives/Subsidies Solar Thermal Multi-sectoral Policy Ended
2007
 New-Zealand Marine Energy Deployment Fund Incentives/Subsidies
RD & D
Ocean In force
2007
 New-Zealand Energy Saving Scheme : Solar Heaters Support Incentives/Subsidies Solar Thermal Heating and Cooling (Domestic / Industrial Process) Superseded
2002
 New-Zealand Renewable Energy & Energy Efficiency Partnership (REEEP) Education and Outreach
Incentives/Subsidies
Policy Processes
Voluntary Agreement
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources Multi-sectoral Policy In force
2002
 Norway Clean Energy for the Future (RENERGI) Incentives/Subsidies
RD & D
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources Multi-sectoral Policy In force
2004
 Norway Implementation of the EU's Renewable Energy Directive Financial
Policy Processes
Fossil Fuels
Hydropower
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources
Solar Photovoltaic
Electricity In force
2004
 Norway Strategy for Small-scale Hydropower Financial
RD & D
Hydropower Electricity In force
2003
 Norway Incentives for Non-Electric Heating Technologies Incentives/Subsidies Multiple Renewable Energy Sources Heating and Cooling (Domestic / Industrial Process) Superseded
2002
 Norway Renewable Energy & Energy Efficiency Partnership (REEEP) Education and Outreach
Incentives/Subsidies
Policy Processes
Voluntary Agreement
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources Multi-sectoral Policy In force
2002
 Norway Fossil Fuel Tax Increases Financial Fossil Fuels Multi-sectoral Policy In force
2000
 Norway Electricity Tax Financial Fossil Fuels
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources
Electricity In force
1999
 Norway Multi-lateral Agreements to Reduce CO2 Emissions: Slovakia Incentives/Subsidies
Voluntary Agreement
Fossil Fuels
Bioenergy
Heating and Cooling (Domestic / Industrial Process) In force
1999
 Norway Tax on Waste Disposal Financial Bioenergy Multi-sectoral Policy In force
1999
 Norway CO2 Tax Financial
Tradable Permits
Voluntary Agreement
Fossil Fuels
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources
Multi-sectoral Policy In force
1991
 Philippines Renewable Energy Act Financial
Regulatory Instruments
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources Electricity In force
2008
 Philippines Biofuels Act Financial
Incentives/Subsidies
Regulatory Instruments
Bioenergy Transport In force
2007
 Philippines Investment Priorities Plan (IPP) Financial
Incentives/Subsidies
Regulatory Instruments
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources
Ocean
Solar
Wind
Electricity In force
2002
 Philippines Renewable Energy & Energy Efficiency Partnership (REEEP) Education and Outreach
Incentives/Subsidies
Policy Processes
Voluntary Agreement
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources Multi-sectoral Policy In force
2002
 Philippines Executive Order 462: New and renewable energy programme Incentives/Subsidies
Regulatory Instruments
Ocean
Solar
Wind
Electricity In force
1997 (modified 2000)
 Philippines Mini-Hydro Law Financial Hydropower Electricity
1991
 Philippines An Act to Promote the Exploration and Development of Geothermal Resources Financial
Regulatory Instruments
Geothermal
1978
 Poland Green Investment Scheme (GIS) Incentives/Subsidies
Policy Processes
Tradable Permits
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources Multi-sectoral Policy In force
2009
 Poland Programme for renewable energy and high efficiency cogeneration projects Incentives/Subsidies Bioenergy
Geothermal
Hydropower
Wind
Multi-sectoral Policy In force
2009
 Poland Long-term Programme for Promotion of Biofuels or Other Renewable Fuels Financial
Policy Processes
Public Investment
Bioenergy
Fossil Fuels
Hydropower
Solar Photovoltaic
Multi-sectoral Policy In force
2008
 Poland Excise tax rebates for biofuels Financial Bioenergy Transport In force
2007
 Poland Renewable Energy Tax Excise Financial Multiple Renewable Energy Sources Electricity In force
2002
 Poland Loans from the National Fund for Environmental Protection and Water Management Incentives/Subsidies Bioenergy
Geothermal
Hydropower
Solar
Wind
Multi-sectoral Policy In force
2001 (amended 2010)
 Portugal Implementation of the CHP Directive Incentives/Subsidies
Regulatory Instruments
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources Multi-sectoral Policy In force
2010
 Portugal Biodiesel tax exemption Financial Bioenergy Transport In force
2009
 Portugal Solar thermal incentive scheme 2009 Incentives/Subsidies Solar Thermal Heating and Cooling (Domestic / Industrial Process) In force
2009
 Portugal Microgeneration Law Incentives/Subsidies Multiple Renewable Energy Sources Electricity In force
2008
 Portugal Modified feed-in tariffs for renewables Incentives/Subsidies Multiple Renewable Energy Sources Electricity In force
2007
 Portugal Biofuels Law (in relation to Directive 2003/30/EC) Financial
Policy Processes
Bioenergy Transport In force
2006 (amended 2008)
 Portugal Energy Efficiency and Endogenous Energies (E4) Programme Incentives/Subsidies
Regulatory Instruments
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources Multi-sectoral Policy Ended
2001
 Portugal Revision of Energy Programme and PEDIP, SIME Education and Outreach
Regulatory Instruments
Incentives/Subsidies
Policy Processes
RD & D
In force
2000
 Russia State Policy Guidelines for Promoting Renewable Energy in the Power Sector Incentives/Subsidies
Policy Processes
Regulatory Instruments
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources Electricity In force
2009
 Russia EBRD Loans for Russian Hydropower Incentives/Subsidies Hydropower Electricity In force
2006
 Singapore Renewable Energy & Energy Efficiency Partnership (REEEP) Education and Outreach
Incentives/Subsidies
Policy Processes
Voluntary Agreement
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources Multi-sectoral Policy In force
2006
 Singapore Tax Incentive for Energy-saving Equipment Financial Solar Multi-sectoral Policy In force
1996
 Slovak-Republic Act on Support of Renewable Energy Sources and High Efficiency CHP Incentives/Subsidies
Policy Processes
Regulatory Instruments
Bioenergy
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources
Multi-sectoral Policy In force
2009
 Slovak-Republic Programme for Higher Biomass and Solar Energy Use Financial
Incentives/Subsidies
Bioenergy
Solar Thermal
Heating and Cooling (Domestic / Industrial Process) In force
2009
 Slovak-Republic Excise tax exemption for electricity generated from renewable energy sources Financial Bioenergy
Geothermal
Hydropower
Solar
Wind
Electricity In force
2008
 Slovak-Republic Feed-in tariffs for renewable energy Incentives/Subsidies Multiple Renewable Energy Sources Electricity In force
2005 (updated yearly)
 Slovak-Republic Environmental Fund Incentives/Subsidies Multiple Renewable Energy Sources Multi-sectoral Policy In force
2005
 Slovak-Republic Excise tax exemption for biofuels Financial Bioenergy Transport In force
2004 and 2007
 Slovak-Republic Act on Regulation in Network Industries Financial
Incentives/Subsidies
Regulatory Instruments
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources Electricity In force
2001 (Last amended 2007)
 Slovenia Promotion of biofuel use Financial
Regulatory Instruments
Bioenergy Transport In force
2004
 Slovenia Feed-in Tariffs and Premiums Incentives/Subsidies
Regulatory Instruments
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources Electricity In force
2002 (modified 2004, 2006)
 Slovenia Eco-Fund Incentives/Subsidies
RD & D
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources Multi-sectoral Policy In force
2000
 South-Africa Renewable Energy Feed-in Tariff (REFIT) Incentives/Subsidies Bioenergy
Hydropower
Solar
Solar Thermal
Wind
Electricity In force
2009
 South-Africa Solar Water Heating Programme Incentives/Subsidies Solar Thermal Heating and Cooling (Domestic / Industrial Process) In force
2008
 South-Africa Vision, Strategic Direction and Framework for Climate Policy Education and Outreach
Financial
Incentives/Subsidies
Policy Processes
Regulatory Instruments
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources Electricity In force
2008
 South-Africa Renewable energy subsidies - DME Financial
Incentives/Subsidies
Policy Processes
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources Multi-sectoral Policy In force
2005
 South-Africa Energy Development Corporation (EDC) Projects Incentives/Subsidies
Policy Processes
RD & D
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources Multi-sectoral Policy In force
2004
 South-Africa Renewable Energy & Energy Efficiency Partnership (REEEP) Education and Outreach
Incentives/Subsidies
Policy Processes
Voluntary Agreement
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources Multi-sectoral Policy In force
2002
 South-Africa Integrated National Electrification Programme Incentives/Subsidies
Public Investment
Solar Multi-sectoral Policy In force
2001
 Spain Sustainable Economy Law Financial
Policy Processes
Regulatory Instruments
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources Multi-sectoral Policy Planned
2010
 Spain Energy Saving and Efficiency Plan 2008-11 Education and Outreach
Incentives/Subsidies
Policy Processes
Public Investment
RD & D
Regulatory Instruments
Bioenergy Transport In force
2008
 Spain Feed-in tariffs for electricity from renewable energy sources (Special regime) Incentives/Subsidies Bioenergy
Geothermal
Hydropower
Ocean
Solar
Wind
Electricity In force
2007 (modified 2009)
 Spain Renewable Energy & Energy Efficiency Partnership (REEEP) Education and Outreach
Incentives/Subsidies
Policy Processes
Voluntary Agreement
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources Multi-sectoral Policy In force
2002
 Sweden Support for solar heating investments Incentives/Subsidies Solar Thermal Heating and Cooling (Domestic / Industrial Process) In force
2009
 Sweden Vehicle Ethanol Conversion Regulation Financial
Regulatory Instruments
Bioenergy Transport In force
2008
 Sweden Eco Car Subsidy Incentives/Subsidies Bioenergy Transport Ended
2007
 Sweden Grant for local authority land use planning for wind power Incentives/Subsidies Wind Electricity In force
2007
 Sweden Energy Declaration of Buildings Act - Incentives for Investment in Lower-Energy Buildings Education and Outreach
Financial
Policy Processes
Regulatory Instruments
Bioenergy Heating and Cooling (Domestic / Industrial Process) In force
2006
 Sweden Grants for Residential Heating Conversion Incentives/Subsidies Bioenergy
Geothermal
Solar Thermal
Heating and Cooling (Domestic / Industrial Process) In force
2006
 Sweden Vehicle Taxation (Including in relation to Biofuels) Financial Bioenergy Transport In force
2006
 Sweden Grants for Conversion, Energy Efficiency and Solar in Public Buildings Financial
Incentives/Subsidies
Solar Photovoltaic Electricity Ended
2005
 Sweden Tax Reduction for Environmental and Energy Investments in Public Buildings Financial Multiple Renewable Energy Sources
Solar
Multi-sectoral Policy Ended
2005
 Sweden Tax Reduction for Fossil Fuels used for Heat Production in CHP Plants Financial Multiple Renewable Energy Sources Multi-sectoral Policy In force
2004
 Sweden Tax Reduction for Installation Costs of Biomass Heating Systems and Energy Efficient Windows Financial Bioenergy Heating and Cooling (Domestic / Industrial Process) Ended
2004
 Sweden Climate Investment Programmes (Klimp) Financial
Incentives/Subsidies
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources Multi-sectoral Policy Ended
2003
 Sweden Funding for Wind Power Pilot Projects Financial Wind Electricity In force
2003
 Sweden Measures to Support Wind Farms in Difficult Locations Incentives/Subsidies
RD & D
Wind Electricity In force
2003
 Sweden Tax Reduction for Wind Power - Prolongation Financial Wind Electricity Ended
2002
 Sweden Sustainable Municipalities Programme Education and Outreach
Incentives/Subsidies
Policy Processes
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources Multi-sectoral Policy In force
2001
 Sweden Grant for Solar Heating Incentives/Subsidies Solar Thermal Heating and Cooling (Domestic / Industrial Process) Ended
2000 (extended 2006)
 Sweden Local Investment Programmes (LIP) Financial
Incentives/Subsidies
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources Framework Policy Ended
1998 (revised in 2003)
 Sweden Energy policy programme Incentives/Subsidies
Policy Processes
RD & D
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources Electricity In force
1997
 Sweden RD&D Incentives/Subsidies
RD & D
Framework Policy Ended
1997
 Sweden Renewable Energy Investment Support Programme Incentives/Subsidies Bioenergy
Hydropower
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources
Wind
Electricity Ended
1997
 Sweden Environmental Bonus for Wind Power Financial Wind Electricity In force
1994 (regular modifications)
 Sweden Renewables Tax Exemption: Act 1776 Financial Electricity
1994
 Sweden Energy, Carbon and Sulphur Dioxide Taxation Financial Multiple Renewable Energy Sources Multi-sectoral Policy In force
1991
 Switzerland 2009 Stabilisation Programme: Energy measures Education and Outreach
Incentives/Subsidies
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources
Solar Photovoltaic
In force
2009
 Switzerland Feed-in tariffs of new Electricity Supply Act Incentives/Subsidies Bioenergy
Geothermal
Hydropower
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources
Solar Photovoltaic
Wind
Electricity In force
2008
 Switzerland Mineral Oil Tax Exemption for Biofuels Financial Bioenergy Transport In force
2008
 Switzerland Electricity Supply Act Incentives/Subsidies
Regulatory Instruments
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources Electricity In force
2007
 Switzerland Renewable Energy & Energy Efficiency Partnership (REEEP) Education and Outreach
Incentives/Subsidies
Policy Processes
Voluntary Agreement
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources Multi-sectoral Policy In force
2006
 Switzerland Implementation of the Law on the Reduction of CO2 Emissions (CO2 Law) Financial
Policy Processes
Regulatory Instruments
Voluntary Agreement
Fossil Fuels Multi-sectoral Policy In force
2000
 Switzerland SwissEnergy Action Plan - Planned Education and Outreach
Financial
Incentives/Subsidies
Policy Processes
Voluntary Agreement
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources Framework Policy Superseded
2000
 Switzerland Energy Law Education and Outreach
Incentives/Subsidies
Policy Processes
Regulatory Instruments
Voluntary Agreement
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources Electricity Superseded
1999
 Switzerland Federal Law on the Reduction of CO2 (CO2 Law) Financial
Policy Processes
Regulatory Instruments
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources Multi-sectoral Policy Superseded
1999
 Switzerland Energy Decree Incentives/Subsidies
Regulatory Instruments
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources Electricity Superseded
1991
 Thailand Feed-in premium for renewable power Incentives/Subsidies Electricity In force
2007 (modified 2009)
 Thailand Energy Conservation Programme (ENCON) Incentives/Subsidies
RD & D
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources Electricity In force
1992 (various programmes)
 Tunisia National Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Programme 2008-2011 Incentives/Subsidies
Policy Processes
RD & D
Bioenergy
Solar Photovoltaic
Wind
Multi-sectoral Policy In force
2007
 Tunisia PROSOL Tertiary: Incentives for commercial solar water heaters Education and Outreach
Incentives/Subsidies
Solar Thermal Heating and Cooling (Domestic / Industrial Process) In force
2007
 Tunisia PROSOL Residentiel: Incentives for solar water heaters Incentives/Subsidies Solar Thermal Heating and Cooling (Domestic / Industrial Process) In force
2005
 Turkey Energy Efficiency Law - No. 5627 Incentives/Subsidies
Policy Processes
RD & D
Regulatory Instruments
Voluntary Agreement
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources Framework Policy In force
2007
 Turkey Law on Utilization of Renewable Energy Resources for the Purpose of Generating Electrical Energy - No. 5346 Incentives/Subsidies
Regulatory Instruments
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources Electricity In force
2005
 Turkey Electricity Market Licensing Regulation Incentives/Subsidies
Regulatory Instruments
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources Electricity In force
2001
 Uganda Solar Power Subsidy Financial
Incentives/Subsidies
Solar
Solar Photovoltaic
In force
2007
 United-Kingdom Feed-in Tariffs for renewable electricity Incentives/Subsidies Bioenergy
Hydropower
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources
Solar Photovoltaic
Wind
Electricity In force
2010
 United-Kingdom Low Carbon Transition Plan Incentives/Subsidies
Policy Processes
Public Investment
RD & D
Regulatory Instruments
Bioenergy
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources
Ocean
Wind
Multi-sectoral Policy In force
2009
 United-Kingdom Renewable Energy Strategy 2009 Incentives/Subsidies
Policy Processes
RD & D
Regulatory Instruments
Bioenergy
Geothermal
Hydropower
Ocean
Solar
Wind
Multi-sectoral Policy In force
2009
 United-Kingdom Environmental Transformation Fund Incentives/Subsidies Multiple Renewable Energy Sources Multi-sectoral Policy In force
2007
 United-Kingdom Low Carbon Buildings Programme Education and Outreach
Incentives/Subsidies
RD & D
Bioenergy
Geothermal
Hydropower
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources
Solar Photovoltaic
Solar Thermal
Wind
Multi-sectoral Policy Ended
2006
 United-Kingdom Microgeneration Strategy Incentives/Subsidies
Policy Processes
RD & D
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources Electricity In force
2006
 United-Kingdom Scottish Biomass Support Scheme Incentives/Subsidies Bioenergy
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources
Heating and Cooling (Domestic / Industrial Process) In force
2006
 United-Kingdom Biomass Task Force RD & D
Policy Processes
Education and Outreach
Financial
Bioenergy Multi-sectoral Policy In force
2005
 United-Kingdom Funding for Using Willow as a Renewable Energy Source Incentives/Subsidies Bioenergy In force
2004
 United-Kingdom Bio-energy Infrastructure Scheme Incentives/Subsidies Bioenergy Multi-sectoral Policy In force
2003
 United-Kingdom Renewables Obligation Order Education and Outreach
Financial
Policy Processes
Regulatory Instruments
Tradable Permits
Bioenergy
Geothermal
Hydropower
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources
Ocean
Solar Photovoltaic
Wind
Framework Policy In force
2002 (last amended 2009)
 United-Kingdom Preferential Tax Regimes for Biofuels Financial Bioenergy Transport In force
2002 (amended 2005, 2008)
 United-Kingdom Bio-energy Capital Grants Scheme Incentives/Subsidies Bioenergy Multi-sectoral Policy In force
2002
 United-Kingdom Biofuels Duty Incentive Financial Bioenergy Transport In force
2002
 United-Kingdom Large-scale PV Demonstration Project Incentives/Subsidies
RD & D
Regulatory Instruments
Solar Photovoltaic Ended
2002
 United-Kingdom Offshore Wind Capital Grants Scheme Incentives/Subsidies Wind Electricity In force
2002
 United-Kingdom Climate Change Levy Financial In force
2001
 United-Kingdom Energy Crops Scheme - England Incentives/Subsidies Bioenergy Heating and Cooling (Domestic / Industrial Process)
Electricity
In force
2000
 United-Kingdom Reduced VAT for energy saving materials Financial Bioenergy
Geothermal
Hydropower
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources
Solar
Wind
Multi-sectoral Policy In force
2000
 United-Kingdom Renewables Obligation Plan Financial
Regulatory Instruments
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources Multi-sectoral Policy Superseded
2000
 United-Kingdom Scotland - Small business energy efficiency loans Incentives/Subsidies Multiple Renewable Energy Sources In force
1999
 United-States American Recovery and Reinvestment Act: Appropriations for Clean Energy Financial
Incentives/Subsidies
Public Investment
RD & D
Bioenergy
Geothermal
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources
Ocean
Solar
Wind
Multi-sectoral Policy In force
2009
 United-States American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009: Tax-Based Provisions Financial
Incentives/Subsidies
Bioenergy
Geothermal
Hydropower
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources
Ocean
Solar Photovoltaic
Solar Thermal
Wind
Multi-sectoral Policy In force
2009
 United-States Energy Improvement and Extension Act 2008 - Tax Incentives Financial Bioenergy
Geothermal
Hydropower
Ocean
Solar
Wind
Multi-sectoral Policy In force
2008
 United-States DOE Loan Guarantee Programme Incentives/Subsidies Multiple Renewable Energy Sources Multi-sectoral Policy In force
2007
 United-States Geothermal Resource Leasing and Geothermal Resources Unit Agreements Financial
Policy Processes
Public Investment
Regulatory Instruments
Geothermal Multi-sectoral Policy In force
2007
 United-States Residential Renewable Energy Tax Credit Financial Geothermal
Solar Photovoltaic
Solar Thermal
Wind
Multi-sectoral Policy In force
2006 (amended 2008, 2009)
 United-States Energy Policy Act of 2005 (Energy Bill) Financial
Incentives/Subsidies
Policy Processes
RD & D
Regulatory Instruments
Fossil Fuels
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources
Multi-sectoral Policy In force
2005
 United-States Production Tax Credit - Extension Financial
Incentives/Subsidies
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources Multi-sectoral Policy Superseded
2004
 United-States USDA Renewable Energy Systems and Energy Improvements programme Incentives/Subsidies Multiple Renewable Energy Sources Multi-sectoral Policy In force
2002
 United-States The Economic Security and Recovery Act of 2001 Financial Ended
2001
 United-States Biomass Research and Development Act Financial Bioenergy
Fossil Fuels
Superseded
2000
 United-States Funding for the Development of Ethanol Financial
RD & D
Bioenergy
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources
Ended
2000
 United-States Tax Relief Extension Act of 1999 Financial Multiple Renewable Energy Sources Electricity Ended
1999
 United-States State Energy Program Education and Outreach
Financial
Incentives/Subsidies
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources Multi-sectoral Policy In force
1996
 United-States Renewable Energy Tribal Lands Grant Education and Outreach
Financial
Incentives/Subsidies
Solar Photovoltaic
Wind
Electricity In force
1994
 United-States Federal Business Investment Tax Credit (ITC) Financial Geothermal
Solar Photovoltaic
Solar Thermal
Superseded
1992; updated 2005, 2006, 2008, 2009
 United-States Modified Accelerated Cost Recovery System (MACRS) Financial Geothermal
Solar Thermal
Wind
Multi-sectoral Policy In force
1986; updated 2008
 United-States Tax Reform Act of 1986 Financial Geothermal
Solar
Multi-sectoral Policy Superseded
1986
 United-States Economic Recovery Act of 1981 Financial Multiple Renewable Energy Sources Multi-sectoral Policy Superseded
1981
 United-States Energy Tax Act of 1978 Financial Bioenergy
Geothermal
Multiple Renewable Energy Sources
Solar
Wind
Multi-sectoral Policy Superseded
1978




GENERAL
INFORMATION