COMPANY-----------MicroFIT & FIT------------CONTACT US
GO GREENER!
GO GREENER!

Renewable Energy
Systems & Componets

COMPLETE SYSTEMS

SOLAR PANELS

INVERTERS

TRACKERS & MOUNTING SYSTEMS

BATTERIES

CABLES
& WIRING

ELECTRICAL ENCLOSURES & SAFTEY

CHARGE
CONTROLERS
METERS, COMM.S & SITE ANALYSIS
DC TO DC VOLTAGE CONVERTER INVERTER POWER PANELS
 

SOLAR WATER PUMP

 


Need Help Selecting Components?

Contact Us


PRODUCTS
Batteries
Batteries: Flooded Lead Acid
Batteries: Sealed Agm
Batteries: Sealed Gel Cell
Desulfators
Enclosures
Ventilators/Battery Fans
Watering Caps

Books, Classes & Educational Videos

Classes
Educational Videos
General Renewable
Micro Hydropower
Solar Electric and Passive Solar
Solar Hot Water Systems
Wind Energy

Cables & Wiring

Battery Interconnects
Battery To Inverter
Tools
Wire By The Foot
Wiring For Solar Panels

Charge Controllers

Solar Charge Controllers
Solar Lighting Controllers
AC Charge Controllers
Constant Voltage Regulator
Diversion Load Controllers
Temperature Sensors

Composting

BigBelly Compactor
Compost Toilets
Garden Composters

DC Voltage Converters

Enclosures, Electrical and Safety

Electrical Enclosures
Lightning Protection
Miscellaneous Electrical Parts
NEC Compliant Safety Labels
Outback Flexware Components
Overcurrent Devices (Fuses & Breakers)
Switch Gear Disconnects

How To Section
Inverters
Export Inverters (230V 50Hz)
Inverter Accessories
Marine Inverters
Mobile / RV Inverters
Off-Grid: (No Utility-Needs Batteries)
On-Grid & Off-Grid Capable Inverters
On-Grid: (Grid Intertie-No Batteries)

Kits and Package Deals

Grid-Tied Systems
Grid-Tied with Battery Backup
Off-Grid Cabin Systems
Off-Grid Residential Systems
Other Packages and Special Deals
RV Solar Packages

Meters, Communications
& Site Analysis

Data Communications
Meters & Battery Monitors
Shunts
Solar Site Analysis Tools
System Monitors
Wind Data Instruments

Portable Power

Solar Panel Mounts & Trackers

Active Trackers
Ground Mounts
Passive Trackers
Roof Mounts
RV & Specialty
Side Of Pole
Top Of Pole

Solar Panels

1 to 50 Watt Solar Panels
51 to 99 Watt Solar Panels
100 to 149 Watts Solar Panels
150 Watts & Up Solar Panels
Flexible / Rollable Solar Panels
Foldable Solar Panels
Solar Panels by the Pallet
BIPV - Building Intergrated Photovoltaics
Solar Electricity Education

Wind Turbines

VAWT Wind Turbines (Electric)
HAWT Wind Turbines (Electric)
Wind Turbine Towers
Wind Data Instruments
Wind Power Education

RENEWABLE ENERGY SYSTEMS & COMPONENTS

The PV effect: How solar panels generate electricity

Photovoltaics (PV for short) is the industry term describing both the technology and equipment used to capture electrical energy from sunlight. A PV module (or solar panelsolar panel) can be thought of as a (DC) generator powered by the sun. When light photons of sufficient energy strike a solar cell, they knock electrons free from the (usually) silicon atoms in the crystal structure of the cell. When the module is connected to a closed external circuit (e.g., to charge a battery or directly feed a DC load), electrical current is the result. The moving electrons provide power to the circuit and load, then return to the other side of the solar cell to start the process over again.

The voltage output from a single crystalline solar cell is about 0.5V with an amperage output that is directly proportional to the cell’s surface area. Within a typical 12V solar module, 36-72 cells are wired in (+ to -) to produce a DC output of about 17V at . Such modules can then be interconnected in series and/or (+ to +, - to -) with other modules to form a complete solar of a given voltage and amperage output.


Return to menu